Domestic or house cats are the second most popular pet in the US. Their common ancestor is only 10-15 million years old and includes lions, tigers, cougars and many more. The domestic cat’s behavior is very similar to the large wildcats, which allows the domestic cat to easily survive in the wild. They have the ability to see in near darkness and their keen sense of smell helps them in the wild. Cats are active both day and night but tend to be more nocturnal. They sleep more than most animals to conserve their energy for hunting. The average hours of sleep for an adult cat is 13-14 hours per day. Some breeds can sleep up to 20 hours per day. These regal animals can live on the highest mountains and in the hottest deserts making them a very charismatic animal.
The first year of a cat’s life is equal to the first 15 years of a human life. After its second year, a cat is 25 in human years. And after that, each year of a cat’s life is equal to about 7 human years. The first 12 weeks of a kittens life is the most rapid development stage. Kittens are born blind and deaf, but within 2 weeks they will open their eyes and start to develop their keen sense of smell. The third week allows the ear canals to open and awareness begins to develop. The ability to walk begins around week 2 or 3. In the very beginning, the kitten will try to stand and balance. By week 4 the kitten is able to walk and allows the kitten to venture away from the mama cat. Week 5 begins the weaning process and the time to introduce the litter box. Week 6 is the time to start socializing and learning simple rules. It is best to keep the kitten with its mother until week 12 so she can help develop the kitten into adulthood.
- Cats can rotate their ears 180 degrees.
- A cat’s hearing is at least 5 times keener than a human’s hearing.
- In the largest cat breed, the average male weighs 20 pounds.
- Domestic cats spend around 70% of the day sleeping and 15% grooming.
- A cat cannot see directly under its nose.
- Most cats do not have eyelashes.
- Cats normally have 5 toes on each front paw and 4 toes on each back paw.
- Meows are not innate cat language, they developed them to communicate with humans.
- A group of cats is called a clowder, a male cat is called a tom, a female cat is called a molly or queen and the young cats are called kittens.
- The heaviest cat on record is 46 lbs. 15.2 oz.(21.297 Kilograms).
- Calico cats are almost always female.
- Most cats are lactose intolerant and should not be given cow’s milk.
- Cats knead with their paws when they are happy.
- A male cat is called a “Tom” and a female cat is called a “Queen.”
- Cats can get tapeworm from eating mice.
- Cats have more than 100 different vocal sounds.
- An adult cat has 30 adult teeth.
- Cats can run up to 30 miles per hour.
- A cat can jump approximately seven times its height.
- A female cat carries her kittens for about 58-65 days before they are born.
- Cats cannot taste anything sweet.
- A cat’s sense of smell is approximately 14 times greater than that of a human.
- A group of kittens is called a kindle; a group of adult cats is called a clowder.
- Cats have five toes on each front paw, but only four toes on each back paw.
- Cats who fall five stories have a 90 percent survival rate.
- A cat’s whiskers aren’t just for show – they help cats detect objects and navigate in the dark.
- Cats cannot see in complete darkness, only at low light levels.
- Humans greet each other by shaking hands; cats greet one another by touching their noses together.
- Cats have sandpaper-like tongues that they use to clean groom themselves.
- Unlike humans, cats only sweat through their paws. This is why you may see them leave moist paw prints in the summer time!
- The domestic cat is the only cat species able to hold its tail vertically while walking. All wild cats hold their tails horizontally or tucked between their legs while walking.
- In English, cat is “cat.” In French, cat is “Chat.” In German, your cat is “katze.” The Spanish word for cat is “gato,” and the Italian word is “gatto.” Japanese prefer “neko” and Arabic countries call a cat a “kitte.”
- Sir Isaac Newton, discoverer of the principles of gravity, also invented the cat door.
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